Mushroom and fungi series-mushroom cultivation
Monthly Archives: April 2013
National Flower Series – South East Asia 6- Myanmar
National Flower Series – Myanmar or formally known as Burma
It is known that there are two national floral identities for Myanmar. One is Thazin and the other is the Paduak.
Thazin (Bulbophyllum auricomum)
In Burma, the the most beloved orchid of Myanmar is Thazin, (Bulbophyllum auricomum) which blooms with tiny white flowers in graceful sprays that grow out of a small, bright-green, pear shaped bulb. It symbolizes royalties and purities.
Found in Thailand, Burma, Sumatra and Java in lowland seasonal forests as a miniature to small sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte with 3.8 to 3/4″ spaced, ovoid-oblong pseudobulbs carrying 2 to 3, apical, deciduous, rather thin leaves that are often not present at blooming which is on an arching, basal, to 8 3/4″ [22 cm] long, racemose, many  flowered inflorescence occuring in the late fall and early winter and has fragrant flowers
This rare, dainty and almost extinct species of orchid is beloved for its simple yet delicate beauty and its remote habitat high up in mountain trees. The likability of the orchid can be seen in the Burmese cultures via songs and the literatures.
At some point of time, they were so rare that no commoner however wealthy was allowed to wear it in the hair. It was only meant for queens and princesses and special envoys had to go deep into the jungles in Rakhine Yoma mountain ranges to collect some of these orchids for ceremonial purposes. Nowadays, people grow it easily with bulbs collected from the jungles but even then, it is still an expensive flower that brides drape around their high chignons.
Padauk (Pterocarpus Indicus)
The Padauk (Pterocarpus Indicus) blossoms in tiny fragrant yellow-gold flowers after the first showers in April, coinciding with the Myanmar New Year festival. and the Water Festival (Thingyan). Once in bloom, the entire tree turns gold overnight.
Due to the large concentration of yellowish flowers in the trees during the blossoming period, Padauk is often confused with Thailand’s National Flower, Cassia Fistula or Golden Shower Trees. Though both trees belong to the Fabaceae family nut Padauk belongs to the Pterocarpus Genus whereas Thailands Golden Shower Trees belong to the Cassia Genus.
The Myanmar people regard the Paduak tree as the symbol of strength and durability. It was also being featured in the love sonnets fo a 16th century poet king and attached the elements of youth, love and romance to the flowers. The flower plays an indispensable part in traditional and religious ceremonies. The Paduak can be found throughout the country. The wood of the tree is also used for making furniture.
The flowers were worn as beautiful adornments during important racial festivities.
Source : adopted from www.mianmarburma.com and http://www.sanooaung.wordpress.com
National Flower Series – South East Asia 7- Cambodia
National Flower Series – Kingdom of Cambodia (Mistrella Mesnyi or Rumdul)
Rumdul (银帽花、隆都花) or mitrella mesnyi is a species of flowering plant in the soursop family, Annonaceae. In a 2005 royal decree by King Sihamoni of Cambodia, the rumdul or romduol as it is known in Cambodian, was proclaimed the national flower of Cambodia.
This plant has a yellowish-white flower with a single alternate leaf. It has a height of 8–12 m and a stem diameter of 20–30 cm. It gives out an attractive smell in the late afternoon and evening, a distinctive fragrance that can be smelled from a long distance. The rumdul plant also bears edible fruitsgrowing in clusters that will turn dark red when ripe.
Rumdul can grows in wild and seen almost everywhere in Cambodia. Cambodian people like to grow it for decoration of houses and public parks. Due to fragrant smell of Rumdul flower, in ancient Khmer people like to use it for material to produce lip waxes for women. Stem of Rumdul can also be used for supplement construction materials and firewood. In the season of maturing of Rumdul fruit, people who live close to the forest is always collecting the Rumdul fruits to sell for living. Due to the attraction of fragrant smell, therefore, Khmer women have been compared to the Rumdul flower, and also some Khmer’s author has written some song such as Rumdul Kraties and Rumdul Pursat, etc.
It is not an eye catching trees. They are grown by the road sides and many foreigners do not even notice it is the national flower of Cambodia.
Mushroom and Fungi in my home…
Mushrooms and fungi series – While writing this series,I have to prepare meals for my kids. They are mushrooms fanatics. A search in my fridge and kitchen cabinets found these mushrooms. I ended up preparing fried rice (with lots of mushrooms) and sweet corn soup with other Chinese herbs and dry mushrooms. See if you can find the mushrooms in my fried rice.
Mushroom and Fungi Series
Mushroom Related Recipes – Reblog
Daily Bite: When you’re going vegetarian or looking for a satisfying meatless recipe, reach for mushrooms! With their distinctive texture and flavor boosting powers, you won’t even notice the meal is missing meat.
Find out more about the magic of mushrooms—no, not that kind of magic—and 4 of our favorite recipes here!
Do some of the mushrooms look the same as what I found